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Costo del lavoro: in Europa varia da 4,9 a 42,5 euro l'ora. Italia appena sopra la media (ENG)

Costo del lavoro: in Europa varia da 4,9 a 42,5 euro l'ora. Italia appena sopra la media (ENG)

La tabella di Eurostat. Il più basso in Bulgaria e Romania, il più alto in Danimarca e Belgio

Brussels – In 2017, average hourly labour costs in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be €26.8 in the European Union (EU) and €30.3 in the euro area. However, this average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with the lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (€4.9), Romania (€6.3), Lithuania (€8.0), Latvia (€8.1), Hungary (€9.1) and Poland (€9.4), and the highest in Denmark (€42.5), Belgium (€39.6), Luxembourg (€37.6), Sweden (€36.6) and France (€36.0). Italy is at 28,2.

Hourly labour costs in industry were €27.4 in the EU and €33.4 in the euro area. In services, they were €26.6 and €29.3, respectively. In construction, hourly labour costs were €23.7 in the EU and €26.7 in the euro area. In the mainly non-business economy (excluding public administration), they were €27.2 and €30.1, respectively.

Labour costs consist of wages & salaries and non-wage costs (e.g. employers’ social contributions). The share of non-wage costs in total labour costs for the whole economy was 24.0% in the EU and 25.9% in the euro area. It ranged from 6.7% in Malta to 32.8% in France. In Italy its is at 27,5%

These estimates are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Data cover enterprises with 10 or more employees and are based on Labour Cost Survey data for 2012, which are extrapolated through the Labour Cost Index.

Hourly labour costs in € for the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration),
in
enterprises with 10 or more employees

2004

2008

2012

2015

2016

2017

Non-wage costs, 2017 (% of total)

Change 2017/2016, %

EU

19.8

21.9

24.5

25.7

26.2

26.8

24.0

2.3

Euro area

23.0

25.1

28.3

29.3

29.8

30.3

25.9

1.9

Belgium

29.2

32.9

38.0

39.1

39.2

39.6

27.1

1.3

Bulgaria

1.6

2.6

3.4

4.1

4.4

4.9

15.9

12.0

Czech Republic

5.8

9.2

10.0

9.8

10.1

11.3

27.0

11.3

Denmark

29.6

34.6

39.4

41.2

41.6

42.5

13.8

2.0

Germany

26.8

27.9

30.5

32.3

33.2

34.1

22.6

2.6

Estonia

4.3

7.9

8.6

10.4

10.9

11.7

26.2

7.4

Ireland

25.3

28.9

29.8

30.0

30.4

31.0

13.7

1.9

Greece

15.3

16.8

15.7

14.1

14.2

14.5

25.7

2.2

Spain

16.5

19.4

21.1

21.2

21.1

21.2

25.0

0.5

France

28.2

31.2

34.3

35.1

35.6

36.0

32.8

1.1

Croatia

6.9

9.2

9.5

9.6

10.0

10.6

15.0

6.0

Italy

22.4

25.2

27.7

28.1

28.0

28.2

27.5

0.8

Cyprus

12.5

16.7

16.8

15.7

15.8

16.0

16.7

1.1

Latvia

2.7

5.9

6.0

7.1

7.5

8.1

20.4

7.0

Lithuania

3.2

5.9

5.9

6.8

7.3

8.0

28.3

9.0

Luxembourg

30.3

31.0

33.9

36.3

36.7

37.6

11.9

2.5

Hungary

5.9

7.8

7.4

7.9

8.3

9.1

21.1

10.0

Malta

9.6

11.4

11.8

13.5

13.5

13.8

6.7

2.0

Netherlands

27.4

29.8

32.5

33.7

34.0

34.8

24.0

2.4

Austria

25.2

26.4

29.7

32.5

33.2

34.1

26.7

2.6

Poland

4.7

7.6

7.9

8.6

8.6

9.4

18.4

8.7

Portugal

11.3

12.2

13.3

13.4

13.7

14.1

20.2

3.0

Romania

1.9

4.2

4.1

4.9

5.5

6.3

19.8

15.0

Slovenia

11.2

13.9

15.6

15.8

16.2

17.0

16.8

5.2

Slovakia

4.1

7.0

8.9

10.0

10.4

11.1

26.7

6.5

Finland

24.4

27.1

31.3

33.0

33.2

32.7

21.6

-1.5

Sweden

29.0

31.6

37.3

35.7

36.5

36.6

31.1

0.3

United Kingdom

21.6

23.7

25.0

29.7

26.8

25.7

17.1

-4.1

Iceland

23.9

21.9

23.2

30.2

36.0

42.6

19.7

18.4

Norway

:

:

56.4

51.2

50.1

51.0

18.0

1.7